Coming up short: Identifying substrate and geographic biases in fungal sequence databases

first_imgInsufficient reference database coverage is a widely recognized limitation of molecular ecology approaches which are reliant on database matches for assignment of function or identity. Here, we use data from 65 amplicon high-throughput sequencing (HIS) datasets targeting the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of fungal rDNA to identify substrates and geographic areas whose underrepresentation in the available reference databases could have meaningful impact on our ability to draw ecological conclusions. A total of 14 different substrates were investigated. Database representation was particularly poor for the fungal communities found in aquatic (freshwater and marine) and soil ecosystems. Aquatic ecosystems are identified as priority targets for the recovery of novel fungal lineages. A subset of the data representing soil samples with global distribution were used to identify geographic locations and terrestrial biomes with poor database representation. Database coverage was especially poor in tropical, subtropical, and Antarctic latitudes, and the Amazon, Southeast Asia, Australasia, and the Indian subcontinent are identified as priority areas for improving database coverage in fungi. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd and British Mycological Society.last_img read more

Utah State Cross Country Women Picked Third, Men Fourth

first_img Brad James FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailLOGAN, Utah-Thursday, the Mountain West Conference’s cross country coaches made their preseason projections.For the women, New Mexico is the projected champion with Utah State picked third and for the men, Colorado State got the nod with the Aggies selected to finish fourth.The Aggie women return seven of their nine runners from last season’s successful run to the NCAA Championships at Louisville, Ky.The USU women will be led by senior Alyssa Snyder of Coalville, Utah who placed 25th at last year’s championships in a time of 20:03.39. She became only the second women’s runner in program history to earn All-American honors. Alissa Nicodemus was the other Aggie to do so, placing 14th at the 1992 national championships.Other star runners for the Aggie women include seniors Tylee Skinner of Monteview, Idaho and former Juab High star Kashley Carter of Mona, Utah.For the men, junior James Withers of Blackfoot, Idaho is the top returner as he placed 16th at last season’s Mountain West championships. Written by August 23, 2018 /Sports News – Local Utah State Cross Country Women Picked Third, Men Fourth Tags: Alissa Nicodemus/Alyssa Snyder/James Withers/Kashley Carter/Mountain West Cross Country/New Mexico/Tylee Skinner/Utah Statelast_img read more

Lockheed Martin Tests U.S. Navy’s Third MUOS Satellite

first_imgIt recently cleared thermal vacuum trials, which validate performance in simulated space conditions, and the satellite is now in final check out.“We are committed to quality, and our rigorous environmental testing regimen ensures this system is ready for the harsh environments of space,” said Iris Bombelyn, vice president of Narrowband Communications at Lockheed Martin. “It’s important to check out every aspect of the satellite at this stage so we can prepare it for service. We are on track for delivering the third MUOS satellite to the Navy this year.”The Navy plans to launch this addition to the constellation in January 2015.The MUOS satellite was stressed at extreme hot and cold temperatures in a vacuum at Lockheed Martin’s Dual Entry Large Thermal Altitude chamber, simulating the environments the satellite will experience throughout its mission life.The satellites are equipped with a wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA)payload that leverages commercial cell phone technology. MUOS provides a 10-fold increase in communications capacity compared to the current legacy Ultra High Frequency (UHF) system. Additionally, the WCDMA payload gives users the advantage of high-speed data and priority access that legacy systems did not.Lockheed Martin Space Systems, in Sunnyvale, California, is the MUOS prime contractor and system integrator of the five-satellite constellation, which includes four operational assets and one on-orbit spare. The Navy’s Program Executive Office for Space Systems and its Communications Satellite Program Office, San Diego, California, are responsible for the MUOS program.[mappress]Press Release, July 10, 2014; Image: Lockheed Martin View post tag: Tests View post tag: Lockheed Martin View post tag: News by topic Authorities View post tag: Naval View post tag: americas July 10, 2014 View post tag: satellite Back to overview,Home naval-today Lockheed Martin Tests U.S. Navy’s Third MUOS Satellite Lockheed Martin Tests U.S. Navy’s Third MUOS Satellite View post tag: MUOS Lockheed Martin has successfully completed environmental testing of the U.S. Navy’s third Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite. View post tag: third View post tag: Navy View post tag: U.S. Navy Share this articlelast_img read more

Burton’s Foods rebrands for success

first_imgOne of the UK’s largest biscuit manufacturers has changed its trading name and branding to further strengthen its position within the market.St Albans-based Burton’s Foods, now known as the Burton’s Biscuit Company, solely produces biscuit products, including Cadbury Biscuits, Jammie Dodgers, Maryland Cookies and Wagon Wheels. The company’s corporate rebrand includes a new logo, which will be incorporated into product packaging, in addition to a redesign of its website due to be completed by early 2012. It will also adopt a new strapline, ‘Making every day more of a treat’.Ben Clarke, CEO of the Burtonʼs Biscuit Company, said: “The past two years have seen progressive changes at Burtonʼs, as weʼve transformed ourselves into a successful and dynamic UK manufacturing business. The rebrand, as part of this transformation, represents not only our past achievements, but also our future ambitions as we continue to go from strength to strength.”The rebrand is all part of the company’s corporate strategy, initiated back in 2010, which looks to focus on delivering quality products, driving innovation in the biscuit category through its power brands and expanding its international presence.The company operates manufacturing sites in Blackpool, Edinburgh and Llantarnam and employs over 2,000 people.last_img read more

Server Security: What to Look for in 2019

first_imgFollowing a challenging year for server security, one big question remains: where is the industry headed in 2019? How do we rethink our approach in the wake of Spectre & Meltdown? What are the dangers on the horizon, and what sort of innovation can businesses use to combat them?I spoke with our Dell Fellow, Mukund Khatri to get the answers to all of this and more.What do you think customers will be dealing with this year?Customers will continue to be plagued by increasing vulnerabilities and security challenges this year. Last year started with Spectre/Meltdown followed by seemingly endless other side-channel issues, sending many companies into a security maelstrom.Companies are in the midst of digital transformation. For digital transformation, security transformation is essential. There are predictors that indicate ransomware will continue to increase, as well as smarter means of harvesting credentials. Timely infrastructure patch management is a challenge that customers will have to address to decrease their exposure. If consumers don’t have adequate encryption and encryption management, their data is insecure and at high risk for data loss and exfiltration.These issues will require customers to handle increasing privacy regulations – like the EU’s GDPR, Australia’s new encryption law, and California’s new privacy regulation which goes into effect at the end of this year. Customers will need to determine the best way of balancing risk, while meeting regulations at the same time.What security innovations do you see coming in 2019?There will be many. I believe some of the major innovation focus areas will be in supply chain security. Also, I expect we’ll see innovation in encryption and encryption management with data at the edge, not just in the cloud or in the data center. I think there will be enhancements to monitoring and remediation technologies using AI and machine learning (ML) to enhance the security of their systems.  Customers will be looking for innovative and easy ways to stay current with patch management tools. These tools will be key to minimizing the impact to their business, resource allocations, and other business disruptions.I believe we will see innovations leveraging new technologies like AI, blockchain, and multi-factor authentication across various security solution spaces, including supply chain risk management, advanced threat monitoring solutions, and enhanced access and identity management (AIM). Secure enclaves for better protection of secrets is another emerging solution space.Is it true that businesses only have to worry about security with their software, and all servers have the same security features?Absolutely not! It might have been that way in the past, but hardware technology continues to evolve. Of course software must continue to be a critical focus for security, but there is a growing recognition that the hardware infrastructure must be protected as well. Think of it this way – would you buy a house at the beach without checking its foundation? That would not be very smart! Your server is the foundation of your data center, and it should have security built in to confidently build upon.Security must be designed within the architecture of the server to effectively withstand sophisticated cyber-crime: phishing attacks that harvest credentials, advanced persistent threats (taking control of your firmware), data exfiltration (stealing your data). Server and server supply chain security must be looked at and considered as critical criteria in your purchasing decisions. Whether you are the CIO, the IT manager, or the IT admin, you want to know that you have made the right choice and are protecting your data center and your data from the ground up.How can a business focus on their growth, and not concentrate most of their resources on security within their data center?In the current environment, and for the foreseeable future, security will continue to remain top of mind for everyone. If you are moving data to the edge, utilizing AI or ML, or a hybrid cloud customer, you will need a trusted partner to manage resources that implement these new technologies.I wish I could tell you that you didn’t have to do anything regarding your infrastructure security, but that is unrealistic in the world we live in. You will have to focus on security, but sometimes challenges grow at a faster rate than investments grow. To enable a business to focus on their growth, they need to have trusted infrastructure. Infrastructure within businesses will continue to grow, increasing the likelihood of threats, but with a trusted partner you focus more of your resources on growth, rather than managing threats. This is where Dell EMC can help. We want our customers to be able to focus on their growth and innovations, and let us focus on creating, delivering and managing a security enhanced product for their data center.As a Dell Fellow, I focus on PowerEdge servers and data centers. I think of how we can keep up with emerging threats, sideline them before they impact our customers. Dell EMC brings a lot to the table as a whole, in client, storage, and servers. Resilience…cyber resilience benefits everyone.last_img read more

Notre Dame researcher joins international consortium to fight tropical disease

first_imgNotre Dame professor of biological sciences Edwin Michael, an epidemiologist and member of the Eck Institute for Global Health, was recently invited to join a new consortium of select individuals who will create mathematical modeling techniques for factors affecting the spread of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). The University of Warwick, U.K., has been awarded an $8 million grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to establish and support the work of the consortium, which ultimately hopes to reduce the burden of infectious diseases amongst the poorest billion people in the world.“We are one of the leading groups that are building mathematical models for vector-borne diseases, and I’ve worked on lymphatic filariasis since my postdoctoral research times,” Michael said.Michael, who is well-known in the mathematical modeling field for his work with the lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic infection that results in the disease called elephantiasis, said his original modeling work focused on elimination of the disease through mass drug administration.“[Modeling] showed that using mass drug administration would be a way forward to break transmission, so in short we were the first people to actually model lymphatic filariasis,” he said. “That is one of the reasons that we were chosen to be a member of this consortium.”Although Michael has not directly worked with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in the past, his prior work experience includes interactions with the National Institute of Health (NIH), the Wellcome Trust and Medical Research Council.“This is a very complex, dynamical system,” he said. “The tools that you have are mathematical models, ultimately, because those thresholds for which the [disease] will be eliminated or transmission will be broken can only be derived using mathematics. You cannot do this using sensical methods.”A few of the key questions Michael said members of the new consortium are asking are whether the World Health Organization’s goals of eliminating lymphatic filariasis can be met by 2020, and if not, what remedial measures can be taken.Michael said models may aid in determining when to combine programs such as mass drug administration with vector control, or they may inform global health workers to switch from annual to biannual treatments.“I think in many ways it’s lymphatic filariasis that puts [the possibility of] elimination back on the map,” he said.In creating these models, Michael said it is also important to take into account the benefits of economic development, including housing situations and nutritional factors, in helping combat the prevalence of NTDs.“What we’re also trying to do is to pull all this data in and build this kind of socioeconomic model that allows us to also look at these other things that are going on in development and how does that impact the control of diseases,” he said.The goal is to take a holistic approach to combatting NTDs, Michael said, including structural programs aimed at water provision and sanitation, microfinance and overall governance.“At Notre Dame, what we’re trying to do is to push the modeling, aid the modeling into the next generation of models, which are actually not going to simply look at biology and biomedical interventions but also at how does this world [work] in the context of broad scale development,” he said.The poor are the ones who face the burden of NTDs, Michael said, which means an innovative strategy is necessary to manage the various factors these affected populations face daily, to bring all of these perspectives together in order to find a solution.“At heart, people at Notre Dame are interested in poverty at the core, and I’m hoping that we can put together a team as epidemiologists, as modelers, congregational people as well as economists and development people,” he said.Tags: Bell and Melinda Gates Foundation, Eck, Edwin Michael, lymphatic filariasis, neglected tropical diseases, NTDlast_img read more

Three New COVID-19 Cases, One Hospitalization In Chautauqua County Wednesday

first_imgMGN ImageMAYVILLE – Chautauqua County officials have reported three new cases of COVID-19 Wednesday afternoon along with one new hospitalization.The three new cases consist of a man and woman in their 20’s and a man in his 50’s, bringing to total number of positive cases to 277. There are now 14 active COVID-19 cases with 110 cases under mandatory quarantine or isolation orders by the Public Health Director.1,122 people remain under domestic traveler quarantine for having arrived to Chautauqua County from a state listed on the New York State travel advisory.To date, there have been 254 recoveries and nine fatalities. Health officials have also conducted 29,161 negative test results. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Grazing School

first_imgUniversity of Georgia Cooperative Extension forage specialist Dennis Hancock has organized the annual Georgia Grazing School set for Sept. 20 – 21 at the National Environmentally Sound Production Agriculture Laboratory (NESPAL)building on the UGA campus in Tifton, Georgia. This two-day workshop will focus on soil fertility, forage crop establishment, plant growth, animal nutrient requirements, and management-intensive grazing. Training will take place in both classroom and field settings. Multiple classroom lectures addressing plant and grazing management will be combined with farm visits. The first farm visit will be to the UGA Bull Evaluation Center for hands-on learning and demonstrations. Then, the group will visit Deep Grass Graziers, a grass-fed beef farm in Irwinville, Georgia, where intensive grazing management is practiced. Participants will also hear from George Owens, a North Florida cattlemen who has developed a silvopasture production system on his farm. Cost of the two-day program is $150 for the first person from each farm and $75 per person for each additional person from a farm or family. Registration includes lunches, break snacks, dinner on the first night and a grazing school handbook. Registration is limited and participants are accepted on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information on the Grazing School, visit www.georgiaforages.com.last_img read more

Threat to U.S. Solar Expansion in Potential Panel-Import Tariffs

first_imgThreat to U.S. Solar Expansion in Potential Panel-Import Tariffs FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Bloomberg:Solar developers are suspending construction as the looming threat of U.S. import tariffs has driven up prices and spurred hoarding, crimping panel supplies.“We’ve had roughly $500 million worth of work that we’ve had to put on hold,” said Scott Canada, who oversees renewable energy projects for McCarthy Building Cos. of St. Louis. “The supply of panels has just evaporated as everybody is grabbing what they can.”The disruptions date to about May, after bankrupt panel manufacturer Suniva Inc. filed a trade complaint asking for protection from cheap imports. As the case gained steam, developers rushed to stockpile every available panel. The case is currently before the U.S. International Trade Commission and may eventually reach the Oval Office, where President Donald Trump has the authority to impose tariffs.The crunch is an abrupt reversal for the $29 billion U.S solar industry, which six months ago was awash in inexpensive panels. Developers say prices have swelled by about 40 percent in the past four months, making some projects uneconomical to build. And that’s if they’re lucky enough to have a supplier at all.“If you don’t have panels lined up for ’17 than you aren’t going to get them,” said Laura Stern, president and co-founder of Nautilus Solar Energy LLC in Summit, New Jersey. “The market is really tight.”Solar manufacturing is dominated by companies in China and elsewhere in Asia, where intense competition and booming output helped drag down global prices more than 50 percent in five years. While those declines have been a boon for companies that build solar farms, they’ve squeezed panel makers in markets with higher labor costs, including the U.S.Georgia-based Suniva, which filed its trade case in April, is asking for tariffs that may double the price of panels in the U.S. The trade commission has until Sept. 22 to investigate the case and send its findings to Trump, who gets final say.“We’ve got our fingers crossed that smarter minds will prevail and we won’t wind up with tariffs,” said Andrew Giraldo, president of engineering, procurement and construction at National Renewable Energy Corp. of Charlotte, North Carolina.Solar developers have vociferously opposed Suniva’s trade complaint, saying tariffs on cheap imports will hobble demand for new installations and eliminate thousands of jobs. The case has also drawn criticism from free-market trade groups, including the R Street Institute, National Taxpayers Union, American Legislative Exchange Counsel and others who released a letter Tuesday urging the trade commission to reject Suniva’s plea.More: Solar Developers Hoard Panels as U.S. Tariff Threat Loomslast_img read more

YLD works to get law students interested in Bar work

first_imgYLD works to get law students interested in Bar work YLD works to get law students interested in Bar work Theresa E. Davis Assistant Editor Give her your tireless, your philanthropic, and your huddled masses yearning to give back to their community.While not exactly Lady Liberty, Young Lawyers Division President Jamie Billotte Moses is welcoming newly minted legal professionals and students from the teeming shores of law school to The Florida Bar.“My focus this year has been getting young lawyers involved in The Florida Bar but related to that is encouraging law students to look for similar opportunities,” Moses said.According to its Web site, the YLD strives “to stimulate and encourage the interest and participation of division members in the purposes of The Florida Bar.” There are several reasons why the YLD is a good place for young lawyers to start their involvement with the Bar, one of them being that the YLD is open to everyone seeking involvement at all law school class levels.Much like the AARP, the YLD has pretty relaxed membership requirements. According to the YLD Web site, any lawyer age 36 or under who has remained in good standing for the first five years of membership with The Florida Bar is automatically enrolled.When asked about her motivation for this campaign, Moses turns introspective.“I truly believe the practice of law is a privilege and therefore I have the utmost respect for this profession. I want all lawyers to feel this way and I think it encourages professionalism and civility. Reaching out to students before they become lawyers seemed like a natural thing to do. Anything that can be done to make the transition from student to lawyer easier will benefit all of us later,” said Moses.Law school students, it seems, have an incentive to get involved.“The sections have many opportunities available for students if the students just take the time to find out what the opportunities are,” Moses said.Thus far, the YLD has been in touch with every law school in Florida to the extent that they are planning fall and spring “lunch and learn” seminars at each one. There’s also information available for those students who may be looking out of state.“Although we are reaching out to the Florida schools because of their national reputations, we have broadened our discussions to encourage students to look for similar opportunities in the states they hope to practice,” Moses said.The reasoning behind this initiative is basic: “The YLD’s goal was to increase communication between the law schools and the Bar and we thought the best way to do that would be through the YLD,” said Moses.So how’s that working out for her?“I have personally spoken at nine of the 10 law schools in the state. After I spoke at a campus, I usually received 15 to 20 e-mails from students asking for advice or looking to be put in contact with someone,” said Moses. “I help any way I can.”If student response is any indication, Moses can consider her initiative a resounding success.“The reception from the law schools has been fabulous,” Moses said. “Although it’s been tough to fit us into the students’ busy schedules, the schools have stated the presentations were well- received and they want us to come back every year.”Moses is truly a disciple of her own teachings. In addition to being president of the YLD, she is currently the secretary for the Orange County Bar Association and will serve as treasurer next year.“I truly enjoy being a member. The Orange County legal community is wonderful.”Moses is no less enthusiastic about Orlando, referred to as “The City Beautiful” by the Orlando Regional Chamber of Commerce.“I love Orlando. It reminds me of where I grew up in Southern California.” April 30, 2006 Regular Newslast_img read more