In a recent paper (Goulletquer & Wolowicz, 1989), data are presented which show that determination of the organic content of mollusc shells by weight loss on ignition may over-estimate this component by a factor of 2·5 to 4·8. They then go on to conclude in their discussion that Rodhouse et al. (1984) had over-estimated the organic content of Mytilus edulis shells by a factor of 2·5 through combustion at 540°C.
June 25, 2018 /Sports News – Local Delta’s Dallin Draper Named As Gatorade Utah Track & Field Boys Athlete of the Year FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailCHICAGO-Per an announcement last Thursday, Dallin Draper of Delta High School was named as the Utah Boys Track & Field Gatorade athlete of the year.Draper is the first track and field athlete in Delta High School history to be selected for this honor.The 5’11” 150-pound senior sprinter set Utah Class 3-A records in the 200 (21.29 seconds) and 400 (47.04 seconds) meter dashes this past May at the Utah High School state track and field championships at Brigham Young University.Additionally, at the BYU Invitational two weeks prior to this championship meet, he set a state record in a time of 21.12 seconds in the 200-meter dash. He accomplished this despite nursing a hamstring injury during much of the spring season.Other high school track and field athletes to win this prestigious award include Olympians Lolo Jones and Allyson Felix, as well as current Baltimore Ravens quarterback Robert Griffin III.Draper is also renowned for his leadership skills at Delta High School during his scholastic career for the Rabbits, as he has volunteered locally in the Delta community as a peer tutor and donated time on behalf of multiple community service initiatives through his local LDS Church youth group.Draper, also an Eagle Scout through his association with the Boy Scouts of America, has posted a 3.92 GPA in the classroom.Draper will serve an LDS Church mission in the Brazil Rio De Janeiro South mission and upon his return, will compete on an athletic scholarship at Brigham Young University.Earlier this month, Draper was also named as the Mid-Utah Radio boys track and field athlete of the year at the company’s first sports award banquet at the Snow College Richfield campus. Tags: Allyson Felix/BYU Invitational/BYU Track/Dallin Draper/Gatorade/Lolo Jones/Robert Griffin III Written by Brad James
Written by Beau Lund February 12, 2020 /Sports News – National Shanghai cancels Formula One race as coronavirus continues to spread in China FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailmevans/iStock(NEW YORK) — Shanghai is postponing its Formula One Chinese Grand Prix racing event, previously scheduled for April 19, as novel coronavirus continues to claim lives in China.The decision was made in order to “ensure the health and safety of the traveling staff, championship participants and fans,” FIA, the international racing association, said in a statement.The Shanghai racecourse is located roughly 500 miles east of Wuhan, China, the epicenter of the outbreak.Since the first cases of the newly discovered virus were detected in Wuhan back in December, China’s National Health Commission said Wednesday that it has recorded a total of 44,730 confirmed coronavirus cases and 1,113 deaths.There are at least 395 cases confirmed in 24 other countries, according to the World Health Organization, which has declared the outbreak a global health emergency. The only death from the outbreak outside of China was in the Philippines, bringing the global death toll to 1,114.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
Back to overview,Home naval-today HMAS Perth Fires Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles HMAS Perth has completed an advanced air warfare weapons event during a multinational firing serial at Exercise Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2012, the world’s largest maritime exercise in Hawaii.HMAS Perth joined HMAS Darwin in a six-ship formation with Canadian and US ships that conducted a coordinated ‘defence’ of the group against multiple target drones that flew realistic profiles against the ships.Perth fired two Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles at two of the four targets and employed the Australian-designed Nulka anti-missile systems to decoy another, while the US ships fired the SM2 missile at the remaining targets.The Commander of Australia’s RIMPAC Contingent, Commodore Stuart Mayer, said the firings mark the culmination of more than a year of painstaking planning by the ship and the Australian Maritime Warfare Centre team.“This firing was a keystone event in demonstrating the RAN’s ability to operate with our closest allies in the most challenging of warfare situations,” Commodore Mayer said.“Success and defeat are managed in seconds when it comes to winning the fight at sea. Perth’s team has been put to a tough test and excelled. I am very proud of what they have achieved.”While firings of this complexity take time to analyse, initial reports suggest outstanding results which marks another important achievement for Australia’s first upgraded Anzac Class frigate.Perth has recently completed the Anti Ship Missile Defence (ASMD) upgrade which included the installation of an Australian-designed CEAFAR radar which is a cutting-edge phased array radar, as well as an upgraded combat system.Perth’s Commanding Officer Captain Mal Wise said that the firings put the new system to a rigorous test and was one in which the ship and crew performed to an outstanding standard.“This was a complex test of the CEAFAR radar and it has proven itself beyond expectations,” Captain Wise said.“What we accomplished today is a win not only for the RAN but also for Australia’s defence industry.”[mappress]Naval Today Staff, August 3, 2012; Image: Australian Navy Training & Education View post tag: Sparrow View post tag: sea View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Naval View post tag: Fires View post tag: HMAS HMAS Perth Fires Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles August 3, 2012 View post tag: Perth View post tag: Missiles View post tag: Evolved View post tag: Navy Share this article
Description/Job SummaryTeaching face-to-face, online, hybrid, and/or blendedlearning.Familiarity with learning management system (LMS)Required QualificationsMaster’s degree in Sociology or related field.1 year teaching Sociology in post-secondary education orrelated work.Experience with online teaching and learning managementsystem
Speaking to Cherwell anonymously, the account admin explained why they set the account up: “There were a lot of other fresher accounts and groups for other universities, and I thought it would be a really good idea to provide a platform for people going to Oxford to get to know each other before term started – to make it a little easier to make friends and also to give people something to do. However, Oxford has since performed better, beating Cambridge to 2000 followers. When asked for comment on the Oxford account’s superiority over the Cambridge page, the Oxford admin asserted: “All you Cambridge freshers must be rethinking your choices now – even with PaigeY helping you, we have come out on top.” After this, the Cambridge account admin commented that “our competitions have been quite amicable” and that they had nothing but respect for Oxford. Overall, the rivalry is friendly, with both accounts helping to promote the Oxbridge Varsity trip. Paul, who has an offer to study Fine Art at Magdalen, said: “The freshers’ account was really nice… it’s a lovely ice breaker if you had any fears and worries about meeting new people.” Sofie summed up: “I sometimes feel like it is easy to picture Oxford as this highly intellectual and intimidating institution, so it’s quite relieving having the opportunity to meet people beforehand and realise that everyone is in the same boat.” Verney, who has an offer to study French and Linguistics at Worcester, told Cherwell: “Before I started genuinely considering applying to Oxford, I never thought of its students as being a student in the same way that I am – I always thought they were so much better and smarter than me. Accounts like the freshers page do a great job of showing that we’re all just people who love our subjects.” Oxford’s forfeit for not hitting 1000 followers first was to post this TikTok on their account. “A lot of people have messaged me and said that it’s made the whole process a lot less daunting for them because they’ve been able to form connections with other people on their courses or just people whose interests they share.” Speaking to Cherwell, many Oxford freshers have found the account a really positive and humanising first experience of their university careers. Charlotte, who has an offer to study French at Oriel added: “I was definitely struck by how down-to-earth people seemed on the page. There’s certainly a stereotype that I’ve heard people talk about a lot, but it was comforting to me to see such a variety of people and interests.” The Cambridge account (@CambridgeUniversity2020) spoke to Cherwell, commenting that the two accounts had “had quite a bit of rivalry since our accounts started, mainly the race to 1k followers which we won with the help of PaigeY [A Cambridge Youtuber].” There was previously a competition to reach 500 followers, which Oxford also sadly lost. Despite the wholesomeness of the page, it is no surprise that Cambridge has been attempting (unsuccessfully) to outdo the Oxford page. The two accounts have had competitions to see who could become popular. Cherwell wishes the offer-holders all the best for results day, and hopes to see them in Oxford in October. There’s a new Instagram account making waves: @OxfordUniFreshers2020. The account posts submissions from Oxford offer holders, so incoming freshers can introduce themselves and get to know each other.The page’s first post was only published a week ago, and since then has featured an impressive 315 profiles of offer holders from many different colleges and courses. The account already has over 2000 followers and has an impressive feud going with Cambridge.
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Evansville, Ind. – Vectren Energy Delivery (Vectren) is launching its smart meter deployment program this month, bringing safe, secured, and proven digital technology to customers in its electric service territory. This digital enhancement is part of Vectren’s Smart Energy Future strategy, and the new meters and supporting information technology offer a number of enhanced services, including providing customers with more control over their energy use and automation to readily pinpoint and manage outages, and improvements to energy grid management.“We know our customers want more tools to manage their energy usage and bills, as well as tools to help them make smart energy choices to best fit their needs,” said Carl Chapman, Vectren chairman, president and CEO. “These meters will help us deliver that detailed usage information to customers and will also ensure estimated meter reads are virtually eliminated, which is another must-have our customers have requested.”Implementation is planned to begin this month with widespread deployment starting in January of 2018. The project is expected to be completed by the end of 2018. Vectren planned the initiative so that customers will see no increase in their bills from the smart meter initiative until after the company’s next electric rate review.Although customers do not need to be home when the upgrade occurs, they will be notified prior to their neighborhood installation. The meter installation typically takes no more than 5-10 minutes. Customers can expect to start seeing benefits of the change in phases shortly after the project is completed. These customer benefits include:Fewer Estimated Bills: Once installed, smart meters will be read remotely over a secured network rather than manually – so there’s no need to estimate bills when meters can’t be easily accessed, such as during severe weather. Vectren will no longer have to access a customer’s property for monthly, walk-by meter reads.Faster Service: Beginning in 2019, most residential customers may no longer have to wait for a Vectren technician to come to their premises to activate or voluntarily deactivate their electric service because requests can be performed remotely with smart meter technology. For reconnecting or disconnecting gas service, access to the gas meter will still be needed.Quicker Response to Power Outages: Today, customers must notify Vectren when experiencing a power outage. With a smart meter, there is a two-way conversation with Vectren’s information systems, so the energy company can proactively notify customers when an outage has occurred. This customer communication is expected to debut in 2019. Likewise, this technology will help Vectren more readily identify outages, which ensures a faster response to begin repairs. Vectren plans to enable customers via a web tool to select preferences for when and how they will be contacted for such events as outages and billing and usage alerts.Usage Alerts: By summer 2019, customers will have the option to receive an alert in between billing cycles if electric usage is trending upward and is likely to lead to a bill that is 30% higher or more than the previous month. The email or text will include the current bill amount and a projection of their final monthly bill. On Vectren.com, customers will also be able to set up budget alerts to help keep track of their weekly usage. They will be informed when their monthly bill is expected to reach a specific dollar amount of their choosing, allowing them to more efficiently manage usage if they wish. This feature will be upgraded to allow customers to tailor the dollar amount for when they want to be alerted on mid-period bill estimates.While crews working for Vectren are upgrading electric meters, for those customers who receive Vectren’s natural gas service, at the same time they will receive enhanced natural gas meters. Automated meter reading technology will be installed on all natural gas meters allowing the gas meter to send usage information through the nearest electric smart meter to Vectren. Vectren recently completed retrofitting more than 1 million natural gas meters throughout Indiana and Ohio in its gas-only service territory where meters received similar technology enhancements over the past two years.Customers’ energy usage information is strictly confidential. The information coming from smart meters is restricted to kilowatt hours of electricity and therms of natural gas only. The information is encrypted and protected from the moment it is collected and while it is being transferred. Digital smart meter technology uses FCC approved radio frequency bands that have been used for many years in devices such as remote-controlled toys and medical monitors. The radio signals are far below the levels emitted by common household appliances and electronics, including cellphones and microwave ovens. According to the World Health Organization, FCC, U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Electric Power Research Institute, no adverse health effects have been shown to occur from the radio frequency signals produced by smart meters or other such wireless networks.Customers can access additional information regarding the smart meter deployment plan by visiting Vectren.com/smartenergyfuture.
Dave Stafford for www.theindianalawyer.comJust weeks ahead of Indiana’s presidential primary, a federal judge reaffirmed Indiana’s ban on automated telephone calls for political purposes.The political action committee Patriotic Veterans Inc. failed to prove its First Amendment rights were violated under Indiana’s Automated Dialing Machine Statute, I.C. 24–5–14–1, which broadly prohibits autodialed telephone calls that announce recorded messages.District Judge William T. Lawrence of the U.S. Court for the Southern District of Indiana granted summary judgment to the state Thursday in Patriotic Veterans Inc. v. State of Indiana, et al., 1:10-cv-723.In ruling for the state and denying the PAC’s motion for summary judgment, Lawrence ruled Indiana’s statute “is content neutral and is a valid time, place, or manner restriction on speech, and, accordingly, it does not violate the First Amendment.”Patriotic Veterans Inc. brought the current challenge after the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled against the organization in 2013, holding that Indiana’s law was not preempted by the federal Telephone Consumer Protection Act.Lawrence wrote in a footnote that a prior Indiana attorney general had found an exception for political calls under the Indiana law, but “Attorney General (Greg) Zoeller recognizes no such exclusion with regard to the IADMS and has expressly reminded Indiana’s political parties that the statute does not exempt political calls. He also has stated that he intends to actively enforce the statute’s provisions.”Indiana’s May 3 primary is expected to play a larger-than-usual role in both the Democratic and Republican parties nominating contests. But Lawrence wrote that the Indiana statute does not unconstitutionally restrict speech, even though political callers are effectively banned from using robocalls.“Contrary to the Plaintiff’s claim, the [Indiana law] does not ‘eliminate their ability to have a voice in the marketplace of ideas when elections, votes, or other dialogue of political importance occurs,’” Lawrence wrote. “The Plaintiff has pointed to evidence that the cost of live operator calls is about eight times more expensive … and that calls cannot always be made fast enough for the messages to be delivered in the time allotted.“However, as the Defendants note, the Plaintiff has ample other means with which to deliver its message, including live telephone calls, consented to robocalls, radio and television advertising and interviews, debates, door-to-door visits, mailings, flyers, posters, billboards, bumper stickers, e-mail, blogs, [I]nternet advertisements, Twitter feeds, YouTube videos, and Facebook postings. The Plaintiff is not entitled to its first or best choice or even one that provides the same audience. Ample alternative channels of communication remain open to the Plaintiff.”In a statement Friday, Zoeller called the ruling a victory for privacy rights.“This important ruling ensures Indiana’s strict telephone privacy laws remain intact. Hoosiers value their privacy and do not want to be bombarded with unwanted robocalls. As I’ve said many times, robocalls are the tools of scam artists. There are plenty of legitimate, lawful ways to contact people and disseminate political information, but blasting out pre-recorded messages to thousands of numbers at a time with no regard for privacy is not one of them,” he said.Zoeller said unwanted calls remain the top consumer complaint his office receives. Nearly 14,000 such complaints were received last year, most of which concerned robocalls. The penalty for violating the Indiana Auto Dialer law is up to $5,000 per call.Last month, Zoeller warned political campaigns to adhere to state telephone privacy laws and refrain from robocalling residents leading up to the 2016 primary election and the general election on Nov. 8.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
You also found that nearly 40% of teachers said their PE provision had declined because core or eBacc subjects have been given additional time, with students taken out of timetabled PE for extra tuition in those subjects. Timetabled PE time is decreasing and the cuts get bigger as students get older. You found that at KS4, 38% of schools had reduced timetabled PE in the past 5 years and nearly a quarter had done so in the past year. By the time young people are sixth form, they’re doing barely half an hour a week. This chimes with our own two-year research programme on the curriculum, which was divided into 3 phases.In phase 1, we wanted to understand how schools were thinking about the curriculum. We did find many of them teaching to the test and teaching a narrowed curriculum in pursuit of league table outcomes, rather than thinking about the careful sequencing of a broad range of knowledge and skills. PE is likely to be a subject that’s been affected by that curriculum narrowing.Curricular thinkingIn phase 2 of our research, we chose schools that were invested in curriculum design and aimed to raise standards through the curriculum. We went to schools that had very different approaches, but we found some common factors relating to curriculum quality, including the importance of subjects as individual disciplines, and using assessment intelligently to shape curriculum design.In phase 3, we wanted to find out how we might inspect aspects of curriculum quality, including whether the factors we’d identified can apply across a much broader range of schools. We found that inspectors can indeed have professional, in-depth conversations about curriculum intent and implementation with school leaders and teachers across a broad range of schools. And crucially, we found that inspectors were able to make valid assessments of the quality of curriculum that a school is providing.We visited 33 primary schools, 29 secondaries and 2 special schools. Within each school, inspectors looked at 4 different subjects: one core (English, science or maths) and 3 foundation – arts, humanities, technology, PE or modern foreign languages.This allowed us to find out more broadly which subjects, if any, had more advanced curriculum thinking behind them. Inspectors also gave each school a banding. Only around a quarter of primary schools scored highly overall, as against over half of secondaries.For PE, of the 33 primary schools we visited, 7 out of 10 scored well on our scale. Of the 29 secondaries, two-thirds scored well. This means PE actually came out better than some other subjects, especially at primary: for example, we’ve recently published our findings on science curriculum, which in primary didn’t come out nearly as well. There is some good practice out there in PE and some work still to do.We also unpacked intent and implementation. Most of the schools that scored well for intent but not so well for implementation were primaries. It is not hard to see primaries, particularly small ones, being less able to put their plans into action. It is difficult in many areas to recruit the right teachers. In small primaries, it is asking a lot of teachers to teach across the range of subjects and even across year groups. Of course we’ll consider these challenges when making judgements on inspections.In contrast, those schools that scored much better for implementation than for intent were all secondaries. Again, it is not hard to see why that might be. Weaker central leadership and lack of whole-school curriculum vision are more easily made up for in some of the secondary schools, especially large ones, by strong heads of departments and strong specialist teaching.So in our new framework, we hope that judgements of quality of education and personal development will allow us to look more on broader and deeper subject content, at how well the curriculum is being thought through and sequenced, and what knowledge and skills children are acquiring.The curriculum research that we’ve been doing has had a PE strand. Last autumn we carried out 12 research visits looking specifically at PE and sport. This will feed into the development of some subject-specific training for inspectors.And with a proposed extra day for our shorter section 8 inspections, we should have more time to have those conversations that will really help us get underneath what’s happening.Primary PE and sport premiumWhat we don’t expect to be doing from September is checking a PE and sport premium plan and looking at its impact. I know this is a disappointment for some of you, but we simply don’t believe that the current approach is leading to improved PE and sporting outcomes. Inspection doesn’t have the greatest positive impact in schools when it’s about checklists or processes. Inspection drives real improvement where the inspection conversation really helps leaders think about the education they provide. As we have seen more widely with the use of data, checking only specific pieces of data or information encourages strange behaviour that is directed more towards compliance and hoop jumping, which can be at the expense of providing really good education.We would like to bring about a shift in thinking, moving to: “How effective is the intent, implementation and, where appropriate, impact of the PE curriculum?” rather than “how is the money being spent?”Attitudes to PE in secondary schoolsAnother piece of research I’d like to draw attention to is the 2015 Sport England survey. It’s sobering stuff. Their survey of older teenagers showed that a fifth of them hated or disliked PE at school. And that a bad experience at school can put children off physical activity for life – with girls more likely to dislike or hate PE.So it was heartening to hear Sport England announcing from than £13 million from the National Lottery to train secondary school teachers to teach PE and sport. That is a significant amount of investment in secondary school PE and I hope it will support children develop and maintain that love of sport that will carry them into healthy and active adult lives. Your own 2018 impact report showed that more than 80% of young people were not meeting the Chief Medical Officer’s guidelines of more than 60 minutes of activity every day.This secondary teacher training will, I hope, do a great deal to raise the profile of PE and sport in school and to make it more appealing and inclusive. I applaud the work that you are doing here to help make this a reality.Obesity researchOur own research on obesity was published last July. I’m sure you’re familiar with the figures – according to the National Child Measurement Programme, almost a quarter of children in England are overweight or obese at the start of primary schools and it rises to over a third by the time children leave primary school. Obesity happens for complex reasons. Children are influenced by many factors and we don’t fully understand how these factors interact when it comes to individual children.What we did not find was that schools could have a direct and measurable impact on a child’s weight. There are too many factors beyond the school gate that make this impossible for them to control. Obesity is too complex and schools cannot do it alone. Schools cannot become a catch-all for everything that’s going wrong in society. That distracts them from their core purpose: educating children and getting the curriculum right.Our research also looked at what parents wanted – and as well as wanting more information on what their children were learning about at school, and what they were eating, parents wanted to see more time in the curriculum for PE. Obviously some of this can happen in after-school clubs, but a quarter of parents said their child couldn’t access all the clubs and activities they wanted, often because not enough spaces were available. Then there were some issues with cost or the school had not taken into account parents’ work and childcare patterns.Obviously some activities are more expensive. Not many primary schools have swimming pools, for example. But we found one activity pupils wanted to do more of was dodgeball, where all you need is some space. Many schools were really making the most of the school day for PE and offering the daily mile or purposeful play. But I think it’s fair to say many schools could do more to listen to parents about what they need to know about and what parents want for their children.Teacher confidence at teaching PE Good morning. I’m delighted to be joining you today. Thank you for inviting me.This morning I’m going to talk about the new Ofsted inspection framework that we’re consulting on, and what that might mean for PE and sport. As well as some of the research that lies underneath that framework, and how it links with the Youth Sports Trust’s own research on what’s happening to PE in schools.Exercise and sports are hugely important for children. That should go without saying. Schools and colleges have a vital role to play in inspiring the next generation to lead healthy, active lives and to build resilience. But it’s more than that. The pursuit of sporting excellence is a fine thing in itself. While there isn’t a single definition of excelling, a good PE education can take each child down different pathways to find what they’re really good at. And on a bigger scale, it can take the whole of humanity forward.But of course, schools are not a silver bullet. The responsibility for making sure children have ample opportunities to exercise and to live healthy lives cannot rest just with schools: a point I made when I published obesity research and reiterated in my annual report. By the way, when I say schools, I do use that as shorthand for all the different providers we inspect – from nurseries to schools to colleges – but I’ll say schools for the sake of brevity.Inspection of PE and sportsGiven that importance, how do our inspectors currently look at PE and sport? I know that some of you may have concerns that they haven’t always had the focus they deserve, especially the shorter Section 8 inspections. Ultimately this goes back to a government decision back in 2004 to simplify inspection, to take it away from being a subject-by-subject review and to focus inspection on the core subjects. Short inspections by their nature can’t provide a full review of all aspects of school life, and have to be driven by lines of enquiry.That being said, many of you will know that under our current common inspection framework, before making a final judgement on overall effectiveness, one of the things we look at is the cultural development of pupils and, within this, their willingness to take part in and respond positively to musical, cultural and of course sporting opportunities.And within our leadership and management judgement, we also look at a school’s extra-curricular opportunities.And we look at the use of the primary PE and sport premium and consider its impact on pupil outcomes, and we look at how well primary school governors hold schools to account for this.These areas give us some insight into the quality of physical education and school sport, but it is fair to say that, as with quite a few other aspects of the curriculum, PE and sport has tended to play second fiddle to the areas with more readily available performance data. Six weeks ago we published a consultation on our new draft framework, which I hope you’ve seen. We’re now halfway through the consultation, which runs until 5 April. This really is a proper listening exercise, so I would encourage you all to respond. We want your collective wisdom and expertise to help us make what I think are already a strong set of proposals even better. And we want to start working with this in September. And we also picked up that some schools, especially primaries, need to do more to help their teachers get more confident and skilled at teaching PE. Coaches are great – but we worry that some schools have become over-reliant on them and I’m sure you’re concerned about this too.Coaches can add value when used in the right way, but we must not forget the importance of teacher training in primary schools. This is something that we at Ofsted will look into further when we reconsider our approach to inspecting initial teacher training. Is there enough time devoted to PE training?So to finish, I’d like to reiterate the importance of PE and sports in schools for helping children lead healthy lives, building their resilience, making them strong, and giving them a lifelong love of being active and simply the pleasure of excelling. I hope that our new framework will allow us to look more at the brilliant work that PE teachers and sports coaches do across the country, and that our focus on the curriculum will bring PE and sport the greater focus that it deserves. Please do join in with our consultation.Thank you. And PE teachers feel sport needs to be more valued by school leaders, parents and young people for what it offers. Read the education inspection framework consultation and have your say by 5 April 2019. Rebalancing inspection to focus on substanceOur new framework, which I’ve described as an evolution rather than a revolution, aims to tilt the focus of our inspections slightly away from performance data and more towards the real substance of education, seen through the lens of the curriculum. In this way, we hope to get back to discussing not just the results a school or college has achieved but how they have achieved them. We want to make sure inspections are professional dialogues between school leaders and inspectors about what matters to children. What are they being taught and how? How are they being set up to succeed in the next stage of their lives?Now don’t get me wrong – when data is used well it’s a very good thing. And test and exam results matter enormously. You can’t tell teenagers that their GCSEs don’t matter, and I wouldn’t want to tell parents that we’re not interested in how well their 11-year-olds do in reading tests. But when the balance tips too far toward data, problems emerge.Over the past 2 years, we’ve been researching the curriculum and our findings have highlighted some of these problems. When data is allowed to overtake substance, it’s the curriculum that suffers. It gets squeezed and narrowed. Teachers are incentivised to teach to the test. And it’s children from disadvantaged backgrounds, who have fewer opportunities generally for learning outside school, who most lose out.So a key principle of the new framework is to shift inspection back to where it belongs – complementing published performance data, rather than putting pressure on providers to deliver ever higher numbers. Because it matters how results are achieved. Achieved in the right way, they reflect a great education. Achieved in the wrong way, they can give a false sense of assurance that children have achieved and can move on. Leaving them ill-prepared for the next stage of their lives – any employer or university will tell you that.So the new framework is about the substance of education – making sure that children get to grips with mathematical concepts, master the art of passing on the football pitch, learn why the world is as it is, harness the beauty and power of the English language, develop their front crawl and learn to dance. If you take care of teaching a broad and balanced curriculum and teaching it well, the test results and performance table outcomes should take care of themselves.New quality of education judgementSo, let’s unpack that a little. The new framework, with its focus on a rich and balanced curriculum should give a greater platform to individual subjects, such as PE and sport, and allow more time for conversations about subjects during inspections. But how will this work in practice?There isn’t and there won’t be an Ofsted curriculum. The research that we published last year demonstrates that we can recognise and evaluate a range of different curriculum approaches in a way that’s fair.And of course a high-quality education is made up of many parts, not just a good curriculum. We distinguish the curriculum – what is taught – and pedagogy, which is how the curriculum is taught. It is also distinct from assessment, which is about whether learners are learning or have learned the intended curriculum.So we will approach the curriculum in 3 ways. First, we’ll consider the framework for setting out the aims of a programme of education, including the knowledge and skills to be gained at each stage: the curriculum intent.Secondly, we’ll consider the translation of that framework in practice and the contribution that teaching makes to the intended curriculum: the implementation.And thirdly, we’ll look at the evaluation of the knowledge and skills that students have gained across the curriculum and the destinations that they go on to next: the impact.We propose a new quality of education judgement to capture the most important aspects of curriculum intent, implementation and impact. The judgement still recognises the importance of outcomes, but in the context of how they are achieved.Inspectors will take a rounded view of the quality of education that all children get across the whole range, including every kind of advantage and disadvantage.We’ll continue to look at teaching, assessment, attainment and progress, much as we do now, but through the lens of the curriculum implementation and impact.We won’t grade intent, implementation and impact separately, individually. Instead, inspectors will reach a single graded judgement for the quality of education, drawing on the totality of the evidence they have gathered, using their professional judgement.And it will be important to consider intent, implementation and impact in the context of physical education. As for, all other subjects, PE subject leads will need to think about their curriculum. The most fundamental question of all is:What do you want pupils to know and to be able to do?And then, are there any physical competencies that pupils need to get better at, such as balance, agility and co-ordination? If so, how will we help them to improve?How do you make sure that pupils are physically active for sustained periods of time? Are activities chosen inclusive and enjoyable?How do you make sure that pupils can compete in an enjoyable and inclusive way? And how do you make sure that PE is helping all children to be fit and active?The national curriculum sets out the content that must be covered in maintained schools and is a benchmark for the breadth and ambition of the curricula that academies devise. The new handbook makes clear that inspectors will have this in mind.There are of course other questions to ask and you are the experts in this area and know how to design a curriculum to meet the needs of the pupils in your community. I know that Matt Meckin HMI, our national lead for PE and sport, has been working closely with the Youth Sports Trust to make sure that we increase our inspectors’ familiarity with these questions.Personal development judgementAnd for another of our judgements, personal development, we want to look at how the curriculum helps pupils to develop in different ways, moving beyond the core timetable. We’ll look at schools’ intent, and the way this translates into practice. What we won’t do here is to second guess the impact of the parts of the curriculum angled towards personal development. A lot of the likely value that schools add here will only be realised in pupils’ lives many years down the road. No school and certainly no inspector can definitively say from an inspection what has been achieved in this area.I am sure, for example, that all of you put on a range of extra-curricular sporting activities and enrichment. These are vital for pupils. But we can’t measure on inspection whether these opportunities have encouraged pupils to lead healthy and active adult lives.While a school has its children for 6 or 7 hours a day, 5 days a week, these same young people are influenced by their home environment and their community. Schools can teach in ways that build children’s confidence and resilience, but they can’t determine how well they draw on this. Schools can teach young people sports but as I say, the impact may not be seen for years. Which is why I think calls to use average pupil Body Mass Index, or even ‘performance on the bleep test’ in coming to our judgement probably don’t make sense.We are instead being careful to ask the inspection question in the right way. A key criterion in the proposed personal development judgement is that:The curriculum and the school’s wider work support pupils to develop resilience, confidence and independence and lead a healthy and active lifestyle.So, on inspection, inspectors will look to see what the school does to help pupils keep physically and mentally healthy and maintain an active lifestyle. Are pupils getting ample opportunities to be active during the school day and through extra-curricular activities? These are the kinds of conversations we’ll be having, and for evidence, we’ll look, for example, at the range, quality and take-up of extra-curricular activities offered.Narrowing of curriculumI’ve talked a little about the narrowing of the curriculum. This links with research you published a year ago.Your research in secondary schools found that:
On June 22nd, 1969, The Grateful Dead played as part of a multi-band bill in the heart of Manhattan at the world famous Central Park alongside Hot Tuna, Joey Covington, and Cleanliness & Godliness Skiffle Band. The performance featured some early renditions of classics like “Casey Jones,” which would later appear on Workingman’s Dead. The set also included Pigpen-led classic covers of Otis Redding’s “Hard To Handle” and a fully “out-there,” 22+ minute improvised rendition of Bobby Blue Bland’s “Turn On Your Love Light.” It also featured a psychedelic medley of “Dark Star > The Other One > St. Stephen > It’s a Sin” to close out the show.Thanks to a combined AUD/SBD recording of the show (courtesy of archive.org user Jonathan Aizen and transferred by Julian, Uli, H.B., below), we can get a glimpse into the sound of the Grateful Dead in their earlier years. While this nearly 50-year-old audience recording is, of course, not of the highest quality, the young band’s already impressive chops shine through the static. Take a listen and imagine yourself hearing this performance back to 1969, when unsuspecting audiences were still getting used to the idea of the Dead’s free-form psychedelia—at a venue that normally hosted orchestras, no less.You can hear the complete recording of the Grateful Dead’s 6/22/69 performance in Central Park below, rearranged to match the actual set order, which has been frequently debated due to the songs being out of order on the widely circulated original audience recording”SETLIST: The Grateful Dead | Central Park | New York, NY | 6/22/69Dancing In The Street, Jam> Casey Jones, Hard To Handle, Me And My Uncle, Sittin On Top Of The World, Silver Threads, Dark Star > The Other One > St. Stephen > It’s A Sin, Turn On Your Love LightSetlist Notes: The AUD contains the complete list, the SBD Dancin In The Streets , Jam > Casey Jones. The AUD tape in circulation has the contents of the set thoroughly rearranged. The list given above is the correct sequence of the set as played, not as scrambled on tape. Timings are a composite of AUD and SBD. Before Dancin on the SBD Garcia says “I made a horrible mistake. I failed to identify the microphones, them being so similar and all.” On the AUD the Dancin cuts in 15 seconds after the beginning. Jerry plays pedal steel on Silver Threads. They don’t play St. Stephen complete, swerving into It’s A Sin after “lower down again.”[Originally published 6/22/18]