Species inventories are essential to the implementation of conservation policies to mitigate biodiversity loss and maintain ecosystem services and their value to the society. This is particularly topical with respect to climate change and direct anthropogenic effects on Antarctic biodiversity, with the identification of the most at-risk taxa and geographical areas becoming a priority. Identification tools are often neglected and considered helpful only for taxonomists. However, the development of new online information technologies and computer-aided identification tools provides an opportunity to promote them to a wider audience, especially considering the emerging generation of scientists who apply an integrative approach to taxonomy. This paper aims to clarify essential concepts and provide convenient and accessible tools, tips and suggested systems to use and develop knowledge bases (KBs). The software Xper3 was selected as an example of a user-friendly KB management system to give a general overview of existing tools and functionalities through two applications: the ‘Antarctic Echinoids’ and ‘Odontasteridae Southern Ocean (Asteroids)’ KBs. We highlight the advantages provided by KBs over more classical tools, and future potential uses are highlighted, including the production of field guides to aid in the compilation of species inventories for biodiversity conservation purposes.
Goldsmith and Kettl edit a posse of policy practitioners who argue for network-driven government practices. Presenting case studies from across the nation, these authors reveal how work gets done when forces join together.
CARIBOU — Ellsworth wrestling’s Matt Reid claimed an individual regional title Saturday afternoon as he claimed first place in the 126-pound class in the Class B North championships at Caribou High School.Reid, who took second one week earlier in the Penobscot Valley Conference championships in Bar Harbor, topped Dexter’s Zac Spizuoco via decision in the quarterfinals. He then pinned PVC champion Rico Ayala of Foxcroft in the semifinals to reach the title bout.In the regional title bout, Reid, the No. 4 seed in his weight class, took on Mattanawcook Academy’s Kaleb Toby. The Ellsworth junior won via pin yet again to claim the 126-pound crown and head to the upcoming state meet as a Northern Maine champion.Hancock County also had four runner-up finishers as Bucksport’s Kaleb Nightingale (113 pounds) and Gavin Billings (285 pounds), Ellsworth’s Noah Hughes (160 pounds) and Mount Desert Island’s Baylor Landsman (170) took second in their respective weight classes. The Golden Bucks’ Grayson Fernald (195) and Cameron Rich (220) won consolation titles to advance to the state championships.This is placeholder textThis is placeholder textBucksport took fifth place in the team competition with 64.5 points with Ellsworth taking seventh with 53 points and MDI claiming 12th with 25 points. Belfast racked up 174.5 points to claim the title.Qualified wrestlers will make the long trip to Fryeburg Academy for the Class B championships Saturday, Feb. 15. The meet is scheduled to begin at 9 a.m.