Local NewsBusiness Previous articleExchange Bank Announces Shari DeMaris as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial OfficerNext articleOfficials: no Super Bowl threat amid rise of white supremacy Digital AIM Web Support Twitter Featuring Top 5 Vendors in the Global Baby Food and Infant Formula Market Report | Competitive Landscape and Key Product Offerings | Technavio Pinterest WhatsApp LONDON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 3, 2021– The global baby food and infant formula market has the potential to grow by USD 33.12 billion during 2020-2024, according to the latest market research report by Technavio. The report highlights key products offered by the top five vendors and their contribution to the overall growth of the market. Download a Free Sample Report Instantly for a More Detailed Analysis This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005545/en/ Technavio has announced its latest market research report titled Baby Food and Infant Formula Market by Product and Geography – Forecast and Analysis 2020-2024 (Graphic: Business Wire) New product launches will be crucial in driving the growth of the global baby food and infant formula market during the forecast period. Vendors in the market are introducing new and innovative products to stay competitive and expand their consumer base. The expansion of the product portfolio also helps vendors to differentiate themselves from each other based on product quality, innovation, brand awareness, product features, and product pricing. Thus, the increasing number of product launches is expected to have a positive impact on the growth of the market during the forecast period. “The increasing number of working mothers has been a prominent factor in will positively impact the market as well as the packaged foods & meats industry in the forthcoming years,” says an analyst at Technavio. Develop Smart Strategies for Your Business: Grab an Exclusive Free Sample Report Now! Baby Food and Infant Formula Market: Competitive Vendor Landscape The market is fragmented due to the presence of many players. Abbott Laboratories, Beingmate Co. Ltd., Danone SA, HiPP GmbH & Co. Vertrieb KG, and Meiji Holdings Co. Ltd. are some of the major market participants. To help clients improve their market position, this baby food and infant formula market report provides a detailed analysis of the market leaders and offers information on the competencies and capacities of these companies. The report also covers details on the market’s competitive landscape and offers information on the products offered by various companies. Gain Instant Access To 17,000+ Market Research Reports and Connect with Expert Analysts Technavio’s SUBSCRIPTION platform Top Five Vendors in the Global Baby Food and Infant Formula Market: Abbott Laboratories Abbott Laboratories operates its business through segments such as Established Pharmaceuticals Products, Nutritional Products, Diagnostic Products, and Medical Devices. The company offers a wide range of baby food and infant formula products under the EleCare, Similac, and PediaSure brands. Beingmate Co. Ltd. Beingmate Co. Ltd. operates its business through the Unified segment. The company offers several baby food and infant formula products under the categories of Beingmate Love Plus, Beingmate Green Love, Beingmate Red Love, among others. Danone SA Danone SA operates its business through segments such as Specialized Nutrition, Essential Dairy and Plant-Based Products, and Waters. The company offers a wide range of baby food and infant formula products under the Happy Family, SGM, Aptamil, Nutrilon, Bebilon, and Almiron ranges. HiPP GmbH & Co. Vertrieb KG HiPP GmbH & Co. Vertrieb KG operates its business through the Unified segment. The company offers a wide range of baby food and infant formula products under the categories of HiPP Weaning Food, HiPP Milk Formula, and HiPP for Toddlers. Meiji Holdings Co. Ltd. Meiji Holdings Co. Ltd. operates its business through segments such as Food and Pharmaceuticals. The company offers products such as Meiji Step Raku raku Cube, Meiji Hohoemi RakuRaku Cube, and Meiji RakuRaku Milk infant formula products. Related Reports on Consumer Staples Include: Global Organic Baby Food Market – Global organic baby food market is segmented by product (organic prepared baby food, organic infant formula, organic dried baby food, and organic other baby food), distribution channel (offline and online), and geography (North America, APAC, Europe, South America, and MEA). Click Here to Get an Exclusive Free Sample Report Global Baby Food Market – Global baby food market is segmented by type (Prepared baby food, dried baby food, and other baby food) and geography (APAC, North America, Europe, South America, and MEA). Click Here to Get an Exclusive Free Sample Report To learn more about the global trends impacting the future of market research, Download a Free Sample Report About Technavio Technavio is a leading global technology research and advisory company. Their research and analysis focuses on emerging market trends and provides actionable insights to help businesses identify market opportunities and develop effective strategies to optimize their market positions. With over 500 specialized analysts, Technavio’s report library consists of more than 17,000 reports and counting, covering 800 technologies, spanning across 50 countries. Their client base consists of enterprises of all sizes, including more than 100 Fortune 500 companies. This growing client base relies on Technavio’s comprehensive coverage, extensive research, and actionable market insights to identify opportunities in existing and potential markets and assess their competitive positions within changing market scenarios. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005545/en/ CONTACT: Technavio Research Jesse Maida Media & Marketing Executive US: +1 844 364 1100 UK: +44 203 893 3200 Email:[email protected] Website:www.technavio.com/ KEYWORD: INDUSTRY KEYWORD: FOOD/BEVERAGE CONSUMER RETAIL PARENTING BABY/MATERNITY SOURCE: Technavio Research Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/03/2021 03:30 PM/DISC: 02/03/2021 03:30 PM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005545/en WhatsApp Pinterest TAGS Twitter Facebook By Digital AIM Web Support – February 3, 2021 Facebook
Vermont Law School,Vermont Law School, the nation’s premier environmental law and policy school, will launch two online degree programs on May 16, including the first online master’s degree program in environmental law in the United States.The online format is designed to deliver a robust educational experience that is flexible and accessible for professionals who need to continue working while completing their degree. Students enrolled in the inaugural online Master of Environmental Law and Policy (MELP) and the online LLM in Environmental Law, for post-JD attorneys, will develop the expertise to address the world’s increasingly complex environmental issues.After several years of research that included online pilot courses, VLS decided to embrace distance learning to serve the fastest-growing population of graduate students in the United States. Professor Marc Mihaly, director of the VLS Environmental Law Center (ELC), said distance learning provides the best avenue for the nation’s top-ranked environmental law school to reach individuals who want expertise and resources in environmental law and policy but who can’t venture to South Royalton to take classes or participate in degree programs. ‘By providing a platform for students to explore environmental law and policy with our world-class faculty at their own pace and within their own constraints, we will extend Vermont Law School’s unique brand of excellent environmental legal training and commitment to public well-being to a vast array of communities and to the world,’ Mihaly said. Vermont Law School, which has been at the forefront of environmental law and policy since 1978, has been ranked #1 by U.S. News & World Report 14 times since their specialty rankings began in 1991. VLS’s bold venture will lead nonprofit, mission-driven law schools in the development of the appropriate standards for distance education, according to Associate Professor Rebecca Purdom, director of distance learning. ‘Other institutions are watching us, looking to our example as the way to offer responsible, effective and valued legal education in the 21st century,’ she said. ‘VLS will set the standard for a new kind of distance education.’
Originally, Chesna said they were hopeful for a June 1 or June 15 opening date, but with the announcement schools across the state will remain closed for the rest of the academic year, Chesna said it may be pushed back. Chesna said based on the information he’s read, his understanding is if we reach a “Phase Two” level of reopening, recreational sports would be able to open. Chesna called the cancellation of the Little League World Series disappointing, but added playing any type of season would be a win. If there is a season, the league is working to implement new policies to keep the kids safe. Jude Abbadessa is a sophomore at Union-Endicott High School, and was a member of the 2016 Maine-Endwell Little League championship team. Maine-Endwell Little League President Joe Chesna says while the World Series and regional tournaments are canceled, the decision to have a regular season is up to individual states. Jude said being part of that experience changed his life, and it wasn’t just winning that brought he and the team together. TOWN OF UNION (WBNG) — The Little League World Series may be canceled, but there is still hope for a local season to be played. “I was just talking with my brother yesterday when I heard the news. I was like ‘imagine if I never won the Little League World Series. I’d be a different person, I’d have different friends. I’d have a different outlook on life and baseball.” Chesna also said they were exploring a phone app so parents can live stream games, rather than attend in person. “We’re looking at changing our game times to not have as much overlap, different options to have the kids outside the dugout, catchers being more removed from home plate, maybe they have to bat with a mask on.” While the waiting game to play baseball continues, Jude has advice for the young boys and girls hopeful they can have a season. “Keep working hard. It’s a minor setback for a major recovery. Instead of looking for the Little League World Series, strive for the College World Series, Major League World Series. Hit off a tee in your garage, set up a net, keep throwing. Don’t let this make you a worse player, get better.” “Like” Nicole Menner on Facebook and “Follow” her on Twitter.
ASIP represents 935 Swiss Pensionskassen, who in turn represent around two-thirds of the country’s population covered by workplace pension plans. Of the 188 members that participated in ASIP’s survey, 159 were in favour of the reform package and 29 against. Of those registering their support, 60 did so with reservations, mainly because of concerns about a CHF70 (€64) monthly top-up of statutory pensions for future pensioners.“On the basis of these results and after weighing the pros and cons, ASIP says ‘yes’ to the compromise,” the industry association said in a statement.Given the different structures of ASIP’s member schemes, the association said it was up to each individual pension fund to decide how to position itself in the campaign and how it wanted to inform its members.ASIP said it would not join any campaign committee, but it would still be involved in the referendum campaign, mainly by running a digital education and fact-checking campaign.This would highlight the pros and cons of the proposed reform and the consequences of a ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ vote, it said.ASIP’s goal was to improve understanding of pensions-related matters and counter false information, it said.ASIP has already been running a website pressing the case for reform. Its public position had been to argue that reform was necessary and urgent, and that all stakeholders needed to compromise. After the parliamentary vote in March it said the second pillar amendments should be accepted.The Swiss general trade union association came out in favour of the reform package, saying that, on balance, it was positive for employees. Employer and commercial federations have come out against the reform. The insurance association has not said backed either side, instead choosing to communicate that it has reservations and considers the proposed reform package “unsatisfactory”.See IPE’s May magazine for more views about the upcoming referendum Switzerland’s occupational pensions association has decided to back the country’s reform package, AV2020.At its general assembly today, ASIP announced its support for the proposals agreed in parliament earlier this year, after seeking its members’ opinions on the Altersvorsorge 2020/Prévoyance vieillesse 2020 (AV2020/PV2020) reform package.After considerable back-and-forth, the reform was approved in March. It will go to a referendum, to be held on 24 September.ASIP said it would focus its referendum campaign efforts on “fact-checking”.
WADA, the German Olympic committee and anti-doping bodies have backed calls for Russia’s outright ban from Rio — that would be the first time a country has been banned from an Olympic Games over doping.But the Association of Summer Olympic Federations and other groups have urged caution, pointing to the ethical issues of punishing athletes who have never failed drug tests.The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has already barred Russian track and field contenders from Rio after an inquiry into widespread state-sponsored doping in the sport.The CAS will rule on whether the IAAF had grounds to impose a blanket ban on a national federation, since such a suspension inevitably punished athletes with no positive drug test on their record.IAAF president Sebastian Coe attended a CAS hearing in Geneva on Tuesday ahead of the ruling.IOC executives also ordered a reanalysis of all samples by Russian athletes taken at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics, vowing punishment against anyone who helped competitors cheat.Because the Sochi Games are so tainted, the IOC said it would not give backing to any international sports events in Russia.It called on “all International Olympic Winter Sports Federations to freeze their preparations for major events in Russia.”This includes world championships and World Cups, the IOC said, calling for winter federations “to actively look for alternative organisers.”In hidingThe Russian Olympic Committee has acknowledged doping problems but insists that collective punishment against possibly clean athletes would leave “the integrity of the Olympic Movement… endangered.”Senior sports and political leaders in Moscow have also questioned the credibility of McLaren’s key witness, the former boss of the Moscow anti-doping laboratory Grigory Rodchenkov, who admits he was central to the cheating scheme.Rodchenkov is in hiding in the United States and is wanted by Russia.McLaren said his team uncovered forensic evidence that proved Rodchenkov’s claims that Moscow set up a cheating system following the country’s poor performance at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Games.Share on: WhatsApp Lausanne, Switzerland | AFP |The International Olympic Committee barred Russia’s Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko from the Rio Games and withdrew backing for international events in Russia over a state-run doping programme, but delayed ruling on a complete ban on the country until after a key court case on Thursday.With the Rio Games due to start on August 5, the IOC executive committee held emergency talks Tuesday on what Olympic president Thomas Bach called a “shocking and unprecedented attack on the integrity of sport and on the Olympic Games” by the Russian government.The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which commissioned an independent inquiry into Russian doping, has led international calls for Russia to be banned from Rio over revelations of widespread state-run doping at the Sochi Winter Olympics and other major events in Russia.But the IOC said after the talks it will first “explore the legal options with regard to a collective ban of all Russian athletes for the Olympic Games 2016 versus the right to individual justice.”It is also waiting on a Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruling on Thursday on an appeal by 68 Russian athletes against an IAAF ban from the Rio competition.Mutko barredThe controversial Mutko, a long-time ally of Russian President Vladimir Putin, was the highest-profile casualty of the first sanctions as the IOC grapples with the biggest doping scandal in Olympic history.He has denied any wrongdoing and said he expects his deputy to be cleared as well.But the IOC ordered a disciplinary commission to look into his ministry’s role in what Monday’s report called a “state-dictated failsafe system” of drug cheating that included Russia’s secret service swapping dirty urine samples for clean ones through a hole in a wall in Sochi.Lead investigator Richard McLaren says he has conclusive evidence that the four-year doping scheme was directed by the sports ministry with the FSB intelligence agency.As a consequence, the IOC said it will not grant any Rio accreditation “to any official of the Russian Ministry of Sport or any person implicated in the (McLaren) report.”That includes Mutko, who has denied that the government directed the doping programme. He told the Interfax news agency he was hoping for a “reasonable” decision from the IOC on Russia’s participation in Rio.Mutko said he has suspended five top deputies, including his number two Yury Nagornykh, described as the point man for running the cheating scheme.Key ruling due
‘TEAM HAWK’—From left: John Krchmar, Terry Smith, Munz Abdulla, Devante Goudy, Bill Neal, B B Flenory, Kevin Corlew, and Karlton Griffin. For many years, the league’s games were played outside in various Pittsburgh neighborhoods.“In 1975, I was the program director at the Homewood Brushton YMCA and we wanted to do something to help out the area because Homewood was down after the burnout from the rioting after the 1968 assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,” said Bill Neal, the league’s co-organizer and president and CEO of Champion Enterprises. “The great Connie Hawkins was working out at the YMCA and I asked him could we use his name to introduce a new league and he said just don’t mess up my name.”Hawkins is an NBA Hall of Famer and voted one of the NBA 50 all-time greatest players. Better known as the “Hawk,” he led the Pittsburgh Pipers to a world championship in the ABA.This seem like a odd matchup: Hawkins a famous NBA veteran from the mean streets of Brooklyn, N.Y., and Neal the young college graduate who grew up in the posh suburbs of the Lincoln Park section of Penn Hills.“Back in the ’70s the area’s most successful league was the 5th Avenue League run by Dew Brown and for some reason in 1975 the league didn’t run on the Hill and all their players came and played in the Connie Hawkins League,” said Neal. “It all started with Connie Hawkins. His name meant everything, but in 1976 we would not have been able to survive if it wasn’t for Jose Champagne, Eddie Jefferies and the Rankin Gangsters. Jose and Eddie said that they were going to play in the Connie Hawkins league and everybody followed.”Neal is a real champion for the people; his workingman’s approach to basketball and work ethic carries over into the league. From 1975 to 1979 Homewood averaged 500 people per night and from 1980 to 1990 the league moved to East Hills and averaged 1,000 fans per night.“We outgrew East Hills. The buses couldn’t run, no place to park. Fans were parking on the grass standing on top of their cars trying to watch the games,” said Neal. “In 1991 we moved to Penley Park in East Liberty and they renamed the park Champions Park and redesigned the court especially for the Connie Hawkins games.”The league is best known for matching NCAA, NBA and NFL players with lawyers, businessmen and the average Joe. The league welcomes the area’s premier Division I players from Pitt, Duquesne and Robert Morris.“I played basketball and football all my life,” said Todd Thomas, former All-State basketball player from Beaver Falls High School. “I’m playing receiver for the Pitt football team and playing in the Connie Hawkins gives me a chance to continuing playing basketball at the highest level.”Players in the league range from those heading into their senior year in high school to recent high school graduates, players in college and former professional players, such as Pittsburgh natives Myron Brown and Armon Gilliam, who earned millions of dollars during his 14-year NBA career.League Director Debra Coleman said the league is pretty competitive, with talented players from colleges such as California University of Pennsylvania, Slippery Rock, Edinboro, Geneva, Seton Hill, Bethany and Penn State-Greater Allegheny.In 2007, the league decided to move from outside to inside “The House.” The league went through renovations and in an “Extreme Makeover: Connie Hawkins Edition—a retooled league found new life at the Club 4-life in Monroeville better known as God’s country.The indoor facility provides a more controlled environment and a surface that wouldn’t take its toll on the players’ knees. Pittsburgh playground legend and former Duquesne University superstar Bryant McAllister is drawing oohs and ahhs from the crowd on a nightly basis.“It’s a great privilege for us to come and play our games here. It’s a chance for people to come down and watch some great basketball and check out what The Club has offer,” said Neal. “What we are most proud about is in 35 years we never had a major injury to anybody. No broken leg, no concussion. We never had a major incident of any kind and it speaks to the quality of the program. We have assisted over 350 kids get into college.“We had 50 go to the NBA and over 100 play professionally overseas.” After being served up lemons after 2006, Neal went about the business of turning them into lemonade! Neal has not missed a game in 35 years and it is this kind of enthusiasm and love for the game that have turned the Connie Hawkins into one of the best in the world.The Club 4-life, Monroeville, Bill Neal and the Connie Hawkins League is a match made in heaven. The basketball gods were shining on the Connie Hawkins Summer Basketball League as it returned to the indoor facilities of The Club 4-life in Monroeville to celebrate its 35th anniversary. For nearly four decades the league was the gold standard in which Pittsburgh’s great basketball players were tested. The league has been nationally recognized and was once named one of the top 10 best summer leagues by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. It is the fifth-longest running league in the country.
To The Editor:Thank you. We at Mater Dei are grateful for TRT casting a positive light on our situation. We live in a time where the media looks for the negative aspect of events. TRT and its staff have shown the entire nation what good, quality reporting is all about. It’s responsible reporting like this that make me proud to live in this wonderful part of New Jersey.Joseph Buzzanco Middletown
By John BurtonFREEHOLD – A county grand jury on Monday indicted a Middletown woman investigators say was responsible for the hit-and-run death of an Atlantic Highlands teenage girl last summer.The grand jury handed up the four-count indictment for Toni A. Marletta, 50, a resident of Thompson Avenue in Middletown’s Leonardo section, according to the Monmouth County Prosecutor’s Office.Marletta faces charges of one count of second degree knowingly leaving the scene of an accident resulting in a fatality; one count of second degree endangering the welfare of a child; and two counts of third degree endangering the welfare of a child, resulting from a July 7, 2015 motor vehicle collision in Leonardo.In addition, Marletta last summer was issued a motor vehicle summons related to the collision for failure to report a motor vehicle collision; operating an uninsured motor vehicle; and for having an unsafe tire, according to law enforcement authorities.Middletown police were dispatched at approximately 8:24 p.m. last July 7 to state Highway 36 in the area of Avenue D in Leonardo for a report of a pedestrian struck by a vehicle. Responding officers discovered the victim, 15-year-old Marissa Procopio, Atlantic Highlands. Procopio was transported to Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, where she died the following day from her injuries.The investigation conducted by Middletown police detectives with the assistance of the county prosecutor’s office determined Procopio was crossing Highway 36 at the Avenue D intersection when she was hit by the vehicle allegedly driven by Marletta.Family members said at the time that Procopio, a Henry Hudson Regional School student, was crossing the highway on her way home to meet her 9 p.m. curfew.Authorities charged that Marletta had three 16-year-old girls in the car at the time of the collision and fled the scene following the collision. Police were able to identify Marletta’s vehicle through security video recorded by a business in the vicinity of the collision. When Marletta’s vehicle was located that evening, investigators said it displayed damage consistent with the collision.Marletta turned herself in to Middletown police and was released pending the outcome of the investigation. Authorities on July 15, 2015, initially charged her with knowingly leaving the scene of an accident and took her into custody, taking her to the Monmouth County Correctional Institution, Freehold, on $150,000 bail without the option to post a 10 percent bond. Succeeding in her subsequent bail reduction hearing, Marletta was allowed to post a 10 percent bond and was released last Aug. 4, according to the Monmouth County Prosecutor’s Office.A conviction on a charge of the leaving the scene of an accident resulting in a fatality carries with it a maximum penalty of 10 years in state prison; the second degree endangering offense also could result in a maximum 10-year prison sentence pending a conviction; and the third degree endangering offenses could result in three-to-five-year prison sentences for each charge, according to the prosecutor’s office.
Evolutionists have been stewing over primordial soup for over a century, but origin-of-life research is still in the kitchen with empty kettles. Some new recipes are downright nutty.Origin of life theories span the spectrum from genetics-first to metabolism-first, from dry land to deep sea vents, and homegrown to seeded from outer space. After a century since Oparin, and half a century since Miller, no theory has gained traction. Even the popular “RNA World” scenario has recently come under fire as vanishingly improbable (Evolution News & Views). With no clear path for research, some researchers are sending weird flags up the pole to see if anyone salutes.Living pinwheels: An example of the desperation can be seen at Astrobiology Magazine, a NASA website devoted to the community of experts trying to explain the origin of life on Earth and other planets. Titled “Pinwheel ‘living’ crystals and the origin of life,” the article presents experiments at University of Michigan that found nanoparticles can self-organize into rotating crystals “that could serve as a nanopump,” they believe. If any idea were less nutty, they surely would have used it instead:….researchers like [Sharon] Glotzer are exploring ways to make order develop naturally from disorder, much like what may have occurred at the very beginnings of life.“If we can understand that, not only can we begin to imagine new ways to make materials and devices, but also we may begin to understand how the first living structures emerged from a soup of chemicals,” said Glotzer, who is also a professor of materials science and engineering, macromolecular science and engineering, physics, and applied physics.“Begin to imagine” is the operative phrase, because there are numerous problems with the idea. The nanoscopic particles they experimented on are liquid crystals that have nothing to do with the biochemistry used by living cells. Further, the team supplied them with constant energy; this is known as investigator interference (i.e., cheating). There is no genetic code; there is no metabolism; there is no membrane. While it may display pretty moving patterns, they are analogous to soap bubbles arranging themselves when air is blown on them. As such, they are irrelevant to the origin of life, and fail to “shed light” as promised.Soup to nuts: In another Astrobiology Magazine post, “From Soup to Cells: Measuring the Emergence of Life,” astrobiologist Sarah Walker from the University of Arizona is up to her eyeballs in questions. The opening disclaimer shows that no progress has been made since Alexander Oparin first speculated with coacervates (essentially fat bubbles surrounding nonliving organic molecules):The story of life’s origin is one of the great unsolved mysteries of science. The puzzle boils down to bridging the gap between two worlds–chemistry and biology. We know how molecules behave, and we know how cells work. But we still don’t know how a soup of lifeless molecules could have given rise to the first living cells.Here, the operative word is “story,” because no theory or even hypothesis is even capable of showing progress. All Walker had to share with her colleagues at a recent conference is a “conceptual framework” for approaching the problem. How can she “jumpstart chemical evolution“? Nobody knows. How can she ” get a pool of lifeless molecules to form a basic chemical network”? Nobody knows. She’s toying with the idea that day-night cycles have “driven the process.” Well, they drive the tides and the winds, but genetic codes and networks do not normally “jumpstart” that way. Her scenario is little more than a sequence of begged questions:The model starts out with monomers–or loose building blocks–and turns them into polymers. Bonds form during the day (during the dry phase) and break at night (during the wet phase). So the system goes over a constant process of building and destroying new chains of molecules.Over time, some of the chains may have a useful function. And because they benefit the system, they stay and are replicated by that cycling, serving as template for the formation of other polymers. Eventually, clusters of polymers begin to grow and interact with each other, until they give rise to a very basic chemical network. Eventually, that network evolves to a state Walker calls “almost life.”Like Glotzer, Walker is filling in huge gaps with leaps of imagination. There is no such thing as “almost life,” because without the kind of accurate replication of functional genetic information and metabolism that living cells provide, any “system” would collapse in an “error catastrophe.” The almost-thingee would fall apart with the next tide. (Note: living cells proofread their text by machine.)Interestingly, Walker recognizes the need for “information transfer” in the definition of life. She knows that in living cells, information flows both ways, top down as well as bottom up. But she fails to define information, fails to store it, and fails to preserve it. She speaks of blueprints, but has no draftsman. She speaks of function, but has only blind molecules that couldn’t care less what happens. Perhaps the most telling part of the article is this quote during her presentation:She began her talk with a quote from the Harvard chemist George Whitesides, which captured nicely the gap she is trying to bridge: “How remarkable is life?” he asked. “The answer is: very. Those of us who deal in networks of chemical reactions know nothing like it.”The geological bridge: “What we are trying to do is to bridge the gap between the geological processes of the early Earth and the emergence of biological life on this planet,” says chemist Terry Kee from the University of Leeds in an article on Science Daily. His preferred place to look for leads is hydrothermal vents. To make the gap appear tractable, he merely redefines life to include geology:“Before biological life, one could say the early Earth had ‘geological life’. It may seem unusual to consider geology, involving inanimate rocks and minerals, as being alive. But what is life?” said Dr Kee.“Many people have failed to come up with a satisfactory answer to this question. So what we have done instead is to look at what life does, and all life forms use the same chemical processes that occur in a fuel cell to generate their energy.”But are mere cycles of oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions anything like the dynamic, regulated choreography in a living cell? One might as well consider the tides as alive, or the winds. Talking about photosynthesis or man-made fuel cells (as the article does) cannot support a nutty idea, because the origin of plants is the question to be explained, not the explanation, and fuel cells had their “emergence” in intelligent design by human minds. PhysOrg reported that NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is lending their experimental support to the Kee concept of how geology “kickstarted life.” But wouldn’t geology be more likely to kick it down to a dead stop?“In the new study, the researchers have demonstrated a proof of concept for their fuel cell model of the emergence of cell metabolism on Earth,” the article says, but this is nothing new. The metabolism-first hypothesis has been kicked around for a decade or more now (see Russell, 2008, 2004); it was roundly criticized, if not falsified, by the late Leslie Orgel (1/26/08, “Pigs Don’t Fly, and Life Doesn’t Just Happen”). Orgel was a close co-worker with Stanley Miller of spark-discharge fame (5/02/03). Unfortunately for him, his genetics-first model had already been falsified the year before by metabolism-first proponent Robert Shapiro (2/15/07). Readers can judge for themselves the chutzpah of Science Daily‘s endorsement of Kee’s “geological life” concept:For now, the chemistry of how geological reactions driven by inanimate rocks and minerals evolved into biological metabolisms is still a black box. But with a laboratory-based model for simulating these processes, scientists have taken an important step forward to understanding the origin of life on this planet and whether a similar process could occur on other worlds.In other words, Kee has a bridge to sell you. For the top news by the leading lights of origin-of-life research, browse CEH’s origin of life category.Have you ever encountered any subject as silly as naturalistic origin of life that gets so much respect in the media? Besides socialism, that is. These articles are not by quacks in far left field; they come out of leading universities, and are supported with NASA funding, some of them. With primordial soup this nutty, the intelligent design community can relax. All they have to do is laugh. Given this backdrop of insanity from the institutions of human intellect, the case for creation is stronger than it has ever been. Biblical creationists have all the reason in the world to preach the Truth of their foundation for all truth, “In the beginning, God created.”(Visited 98 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The amount of friction depends on the nature of the material the duct is made of, how it was installed, how dirty it is, and how fast the air is moving. The photo above shows flex duct that’s not pulled tight at all. Even though you can’t see it all that well, you can tell that there’s probably going to be a lot of rubbing when air moves through that duct. The same flex duct pulled tight is shown below. It still looks a bit rough but is much better than the one above. A piece of rigid metal duct would provide a much smoother surface. FrictionThe first cause of reduced air flow is friction. When air moving through a duct rubs against the inner surfaces of that duct, it loses energy. It slows down. Its pressure drops. The more it rubs, the more those things happen. It’s like walking down a busy sidewalk with your shoulder rubbing against the buildings. RELATED ARTICLES Friction rates and pressure dropsThe result of friction and turbulence, as I said above, is that you get a drop in the pressure. As air moves through a supply duct, the pressure created by the fan behind it keeps it moving. The farther it travels down the duct, though, the more that pressure is reduced by friction and turbulence. That’s true in good duct systems as well as bad.Both of these causes, friction and turbulence, are included in the friction rates given for various types of ducts and fittings. As the word “rate” indicates, the friction rate doesn’t tell the whole story. You’ve got to combine it with something else to figure out what the whole pressure drop is. That’s where equivalent length comes in, and I’ll save that for a future article. Or you can skip ahead and go read Manual D.When designing and installing ducts, you’ve got to know about this stuff. To get the best air flow, you want ducts with the least amount of friction and turbulence you can get. To do so, choose low friction materials, like rigid metal, where possible, or make sure you install higher friction ducts like flex as well as you possibly can. Pull the inner liners tight!To reduce turbulence, rule number one is: Don’t turn the air with flex duct. If you have to do that, make it as big and gradual a turn as possible with the inner liner pulled tight. Better is to turn the air with metal fittings. Best is to turn the air with metal fittings that have round throats or turning vanes.Friction and turbulence play a big role in whether a duct system does what it’s supposed to or not. We’ve got this stuff quantified. If you’re not using Manual D or a ductulator or some other method that quantifies these effects, you may well end up with a system that no amount of commissioning can save. TurbulenceThe other primary cause of reduced air flow is turbulence. This one is a kind of friction of the air rubbing against itself. The main cause of turbulence within ducts is turning the air. When you send air through a 90° turn, the type of fitting you use to do so can make a big difference.The diagram below is from ACCA’s booklet Understanding the Friction Chart. In both of the 90° elbows, the air enters nice and smoothly. That’s laminar flow. When it makes the turn, however, notice that the air in the elbow with the curved inside edge (the throat) results in less turbulence. The elbow with the square throat produces more turbulence. Pick your fittings carefully! Two things. Just two things in your ducts are responsible for giving the blower in your furnace or air handler a hard time. They make the blower push against more pressure, thus reducing air flow or increasing energy use, depending on blower type. They cut the amount of air that gets delivered to the rooms. And they can be reduced but not eliminated. Do you know what they are?Maybe you’re thinking it’s flex duct that’s not pulled tight or not using rigid elbows or maybe even the dreaded ductopus.Those things are related, but we need to go back further. We want the root causes. This is basic physics I’m talking about. Maybe looking at the image above, a view through a piece of flaccid flex duct liner, will give you an idea of what’s to blame. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. Check out his in-depth course, Mastering Building Science at Heatspring Learning Institute, and follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. Stuff I Learned at Joe Lstiburek’s House, Part 2Duct Leakage TestingShould Flex Duct Be Banned?How to Install Flex Duct ProperlyThou Shalt Commission Thy Ducts!